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Malik Muhammad Jayasi (1495?-1542)

Tuesday, March 24, 2009

Malik Muhammad Jayasi
Malik Muhammad Jayasi, who resided in Jayas, established a flow of love-linked cult (Premashrayi Dhara) in 'Nirgun Brahmopasana' selecting the medium of the story of 'Padmawati' and 'Ratnasen'. By subjugation (meeting) and seperation- 'Sanyoga' and 'Viyoga', he dictated the lession of Gyan and Yoga. Accepting this very basic conception Jayasi in his 'Padmavat' writes indicating lusty worldly love and spiritual unworldly love in 'Masanavi Shaili'. The object of Jayasi is to find his most beloved God by love. This love-current, this stream of love in his poetry, is the chief aim of Jayasi, and that he found.

His Birth:

"भा अवतार मोर नव सदी" (My birth occured in Hijari Nine Hundred) and "जायस नगर मोर असथानू" (My resident is at Jayas Nagar') like assertions established jayasi's birth place in Jayas Nagar (Rae Bareli) in Hijari 900, Christian year 1495. A fearful dangerous earthquake occured at the time of his birth, as in his 'Akhiri Qalam' he said :


"आवत उधत चार बिधि थाना । भा भूकम्प जगत अकुलाना......
गिरि पहार पर्वत हिलि गये । सात समुंद कीच मिल गये ।"
(At my comming in the world four types of disturbances took place. There was earthquake, the whole world became perturbed. The hills and mountains shook, seven oceans became muddy.)


His ancestors were resident of Arab, and they came into India probably in connection with their business. He lost his one eye due to attack of smallpox in his very early childhood. His parents left this world when he was a child and wandered here and there with saints and Fakirs. His maternal father kept him with himself, married him and gave him good settlement. There were seven sons to him, but all died in an accident of the falling of the roof of the house. Since then he felt detachment (Vairagya) from the world and left the house living in connection of Fakeeras. He made Sufi saint Shekh Mubarak Bodle his Guru and accepted the path of Sufi religious faith (Sufi Sampradaay). His fame as a Sufi saint spread abroad and from his works he explained the Sufi ideas.

His Work:

  • Akharavat
  • Padmavat
  • Sikhanavat
  • Chandravat
  • Irtavat
  • Matkavat
  • Chitravat
  • Muraeenama
  • Makharnama
  • Posteenama
  • Maharanama
  • Holinama, and 
  • Akhiri Qalam.

In all these 'Padmavat', 'Akharavat', and 'Akhiri Qalam' are accepted his authentic works. Padmavat has proved itself a classic, and due to this creation, Jayasi has got a poet's standard worth counting. Acharya Ramchandra Shukla thought Tulsidas' Ram Charit Manas' composed taking the inspiration of this work of Jayasi. Padmavat caused Jayasi an inexhuastible fame. In 'Akharavat' alphabetically the Sufi theories Have been explained. In 'Akhiri Qalam' there is explanation of heaven and hill and in his noted work 'Padmavat' the relation of 'Brahma' and Jeeva' has been depicted through the worldly love of 'Padmavati' and 'Ratnasen'.

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मैं क्या हूँ ? क्या सुनहली उषा में जो खो गया, वह तुहिन बिन्दु या बीत गयी जो तपती दुपहरी उसी का विचलित पल; या फिर जो धुँधुरा गयी है शाम अभी-अभी उसी की उदास छाया ? मैं क्या हूँ ?  जो सम्मुख हो रही है इस अन्तर-आँगन में वही ध्वनि, या किसी सुदूर बहने वाली किसी निर्झर-नदी का अस्पष्ट नाद ? मैं क्या हूँ ? बार-बार कानों में जाने अनजाने गूँज उठने वाली किसी दूरागत संगीत की मूर्छित लरी या फिर जिस आकाश को निरख रहा हूँ लगातार, उस आकाश का एक तारा ? मैं क्या हूँ ? - जानना इतना आसान भी तो नहीं !

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